Developing moral reasoning isn’t a game | Family Events


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Violent video games leave their mark
on moral reasoning

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My husband enjoys violent video games and allows our 11-year-old son to play with him, even games rated “M.” He believes as long as they play violent games together, it’s ok because they are bonding as father and son. I worry that our son is too comfortable with violent games at a young age but I don’t want to discourage them from spending time together. We don’t let him play these games with his friends — only with his dad. Is this ok? Post answers on our Family Events Facebook Page.

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Last week we we asked Family Events readers to give advice to a mom whose husband doesn’t attend church with the family. How should she discuss this with her children? Here’s some of their insight:

“It’s important for children to know that one of the greatest gifts God gave us is ‘free agency’- the ability to choose for ourselves. Dad is using his free agency, even though our Heavenly Father wants us to attend His Church. Remind them everyone learns from their decisions, and Dad is one of His children as they are.”

—Sandy

“I married a wonderful guy who like your husband did not like to attend church. But we agreed that I would bring the children up in the church. People do not ask kids if they want to attend school or not. So why the confusion on church attendance. Children need faith and knowledge of God to make informed decisions as adults. But my daughter eventually thought she did not have to attend church like Dad. I asked him to consider part-time attendance because he valued family and time together so much. He started going 50% of the time. He ultimately agreed to send our kids to Christian schools for the additional training I felt they needed in this culture.”
—Kris

“Lead by example and show enjoyment in your faith.”
—Cheryl

“Let you chirldren know that people grow in different ways, and daddy will come to church one day, also pray that God will move upon him to attend church with his family, and then thank God for his answer, even though you haven’t seen it come to pass yet, cause in the spiritual realm your prayer has already been answered when you pray.”
—Earlene

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Recently, I got a fancy new smart phone. As is typical, my children already knew how to use it before I even opened the box, but that’s a topic for another day.

Before I could even read the package insert and learn how to charge the battery, my daughter had downloaded the game “Angry Birds” onto my phone and was on an advanced level.

If you don’t know, “Angry Birds” is a game in which cartoon birds are used as projectiles to hit various targets. (In the interest of journalistic accuracy, I played a round so I could describe it to you.)

So there are these birds. They are round — as if they’ve all eaten bowling balls — and they have angry looks on their faces. They’re stacked like cannon balls next to a slingshot. To play the game, you swipe your finger on the smart phone screen to pull the shot back, launching the bird into a pyramid of bunnies. The bird explodes into a pile of feathers.

Now you understand why the birds are angry.

I don’t know what happens after the first round, as my interest in journalistic accuracy only goes so far. In all honesty, it’s pretty funny, despite the likely horrified response of Audubon Society members.

Is it dangerously violent? No. I have no fear that my 13-year-old daughter will soon start terrorizing the bunnies in our backyard by capturing and catapulting sparrows in their direction. More importantly, this game doesn’t draw the player into a fantasy about acting violently toward other people.

Mostly, its effect is to wear down the battery on my cell phone, so I only let my daughter use it when I’m forcing her to do something unpleasant, like wait for me at the post office.

Some games really are dangerous, though

On the other hand, many video games played by the vast majority of American children between the ages of 7 and 18 are disturbingly violent, according to a recent study from researchers at Simmons College.

Violence in children’s media has been studied for decades and the consensus is that while it doesn’t cause violent behavior, it contributes to aggressiveness and bad attitudes. According to this latest research, the violence in video games is taking a toll on the development of moral reasoning in our nation’s children.

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Moral reasoning is based on understanding the perspectives of others, but the researchers found violent video games provide no perspective on the suffering of victims and in fact, hinders this crucial developmental step.

Seventy one percent of the games played by the children in the study contained at least some mild violence, while 25 percent included intense violence, blood and gore. In fact, the study found children ages 7 to 12 routinely play games rated “M” for mature audiences, meant for players over the age of 17.

The study also found that children play mostly the same kinds of games. For example, kids who play video games featuring sports play mostly that kind, while kids who play violent games play mostly those.

The most popular violent games such as Grand Theft Auto, Halo and Call of Duty: Modern Warfare feature narratives that put players in morally compromising situations that reward acts of violence. The lines between good guy/bad guy often are blurry or non-existent, which means violent actions can’t be “justified” by a moral purpose.

The point isn’t that kids who play these games will necessarily be inspired to act violently. Rather, the study’s assessment of children’s attitudes confirms that extended play of violent video games impedes the development of moral reasoning. This means children can’t distinguish right from wrong when it comes to using violence, and sometimes believe that acting violently is the right thing to do.

But to what effect? The study doesn’t say, but you don’t have to be a social scientist to connect the dots between the effects of violent video games and the rampant increase in bullying and aggressive behavior on the part of our nation’s children. That’s just one obvious extension of a morally undeveloped character.

Playing violent video games clearly is influencing the character of our children. As parents, we all should ask ourselves if the games our kids play reflect the values we want to instill in their hearts.

Thanks for reading and sharing Family Events!

Take good care until next week,

Marybeth

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The Ryan Republican Medicare Reforms: What They Are, What They’re Not, and What They Might Become | Health Reform Report


The Medicare proposal in U.S. Congressman Paul Ryan’s budget plan, Path to Prosperity, is superior to the status quo, or anything proposed by President Obama. However, it is somewhat vaguer – and might differ significantly – from the high standard for reform that Ryan set himself last year, in Roadmap for America’s Future.

Some of Ryan’s biggest fans did not initially appreciate the difference. The Wall Street Journal editorialized (incorrectly) that the Path to Prosperity “means that at age 65 you would be able to keep your same insurer, with the feds paying for that insurance instead of your employer.”

But that was a feature of last year’s Roadmap, not this month’s proposed budget. The Wall Street Journal corrected the record the next day, clarifying that “the subsidies will flow through Medicare, only to regulated insurers and government-approved plans. It does not go as far as Ryan’s previous ‘roadmap’ which offered direct cash vouchers for individuals who preferred to buy insurance themselves.”

The previous Roadmap contained a very precise Medicare “payment” (in Ryan’s words) of $11,000, to be adjusted for future inflation by a factor combining changes in the Consumer Price Index and changes in medical prices, for future Medicare beneficiaries who are now under 55 years of age. Path to Prosperity eliminates the payment in favor of the somewhat more vague “premium support.” Nor does it even report how it would calculate this premium support, beyond asserting that “wealthier beneficiaries would receive a lower subsidy” (p. 46).

Under the previous Roadmap, you could have taken the payment and used it to “to pay for one of the Medicare certified plans, or any other plan, such as those offered by former employers or available from the private market” (p. 51). In other words, you would have had the freedom to buy a Medicare Advantage plan, or to pay your employer for a retiree health plan, or buy an individual plan regulated by your state’s Insurance Commissioner.

Under the current proposal, we’d be forced to choose a plan from a federal “tightly regulated exchange.”  This change is disconcerting for two reasons.  First, “exchange” is Obamacare language.  It makes little sense for Ryan and his colleagues to pledge to cut off funding for Obamacare’s state-based exchanges (which will provide the means whereby working Americans will lose our employer-based health benefits), while proposing to set up a new federal bureaucracy with the same name for Medicare beneficiaries.  Second, people rightly associate an exchange with a limited choice of plans selected by a politically appointed board, offering benefits determined by bureaucrats’ whims.

Of course, the Wall Street Journal also notes that Ryan “moderated his ambitions” because “reforms of this order are so unusual,” and that Ryan’s Medicare would look a lot like Medicare Advantage.  Ryan should have hired the Wall Street Journal‘s editorial board to write his proposal, because using the term Medicare Advantage instead of “exchange” puts the reform in an entirely more positive light.

Medicare Advantage is a popular alternative to traditional Medicare, whereby seniors can choose Medicare through a private plan, which does not have to pay providers according to the government’s Soviet-style fixed-price schedule.  Obamacare will drive about a half of participating seniors out of the program, as I discussed in a study of the costs and benefits of Medicare Advantage.

Instead of jettisoning this popular program in favor of an Obamacare-style exchange, Republicans who wish to bring this valuable reform to fruition should combine the best features of Medicare Advantage with the best features of Medigap, another popular option used by Medicare seniors to supplement traditional Medicare.  Such a reform would allow Medicare beneficiaries to use their Medicare “payments” (or whatever Ryan & Co. want to call them) to buy long-term, individual health insurance, which protects seniors from unanticipated premium hikes by guaranteed renewability, as more fully described in the study cited above.

Ryan and his Republican colleagues have made a very serious proposal to reform Medicare by allowing seniors more choices while protecting taxpayers.  Anticipating political risks, they camouflaged their proposal in language that makes the benefits unnecessarily difficult to perceive.  As they move it forward, I trust that they will advance it in a way that makes those benefits more clear to the American public.

John R. Graham is the director of health care studies at the Pacific Research Institute.

via The Ryan Republican Medicare Reforms: What They Are, What They’re Not, and What They Might Become | Health Reform Report.

Correa vuelve a atacar a los medios de prensa | The Americano


Rafael Correa, Presidente de Ecuador

El presidente de Ecuador Rafael Correa acusó el jueves a la prensa local de ser parciales a la campaña del “No” opositor en la consulta convocada por el mandatario entre otros fines para reformar el sistema judicial.

A la vez el primer mandatario ecuatoriano acusó a la prensa en general de frenar los cambios en América Latina.

Correa hizo estas declaraciones durante el “Foro Latinoamericano para una nueva justicia”, que se desarrolla en Quito y al que también asistió la senadora chilena Isabel Allende Bussi y la exministra de Educación de ese mismo país Maringen Hornkolh.

“Este es un debate que debemos llevar adelante en América Latina, sin miedo”, dijo Correa, que ha mantenido un permanente pulso con varios medios de información del país, así como con ciertos periodistas que han criticado su gestión.

De acuerdo a EFE, Correa también se refirió al contenido de la consulta popular que promueve desde su Gobierno para reformar el sistema de justicia, al que acusó de ser ineficaz y de estar salpicado de corrupción.

Señaló que su Gobierno, con el apoyo de expertos de Chile y Brasil, ha empezado a trazar una estrategia para ese cambio en la justicia, que espera que el pueblo lo ratifique en la consulta.

El objetivo, dijo, es que se genere la “igualdad de acceso a la justicia” y rechazó el argumento de la oposición, que le acusa de querer tomar el control de la función judicial.

“Invitamos a organismos internacionales a acompañar a Ecuador en este desafío”, dijo el mandatario en el foro, y pidió a Isabel Allende Bussi y Maringen Hornkolh formar parte de una veeduría internacional que vigile el proceso de reforma judicial en su país.

En caso de ganar el plebiscito, dijo Correa, inmediatamente pondrá en marcha la reforma al sistema de justicia, que lo sustanció en cinco ejes.

Correa, sin embargo, no habló de sus intenciones de re-elegirse presidente, ni hizo alusión a que en Chile hoy gobierna un gobierno con un presidente conservador, ni dijo que en Chile el partido de centro izquierda que gobernó después que los militares entregaran el poder, no ha tratado de cambiar el modelo económico del país.

En tanto, Hornkohl de acuerdo a EFE recordó que en Chile, “luego del quiebre democrático”, se ha “vivido un gran proceso de cambios, aunque reconoció que “construir una sociedad de derechos ha sido un norte no ha acabado” todavía.

También destacó la “concertación de partidos por la democracia” que permitieron en su país llevar adelante reformas importantes, lo que generó también un mejor nivel de “confianza de los ciudadanos en las actuaciones del Estado”.

Algo que en Ecuador no ha ocurrido.

via Correa vuelve a atacar a los medios de prensa | The Americano.

Why I Became Catholic | Hispanic Blog Network | Newt Gingrich


I am often asked when I chose to become Catholic. However, it is more truthful to say that over the course of several years I gradually became Catholic and then decided one day to accept the faith I had already come to embrace.

My wife, Callista, is a lifelong Catholic and has been a member of the choir of the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington, D.C., for 15 years. Although I was Southern Baptist, I had attended Mass with Callista every Sunday at the basilica to watch her sing with the choir.

I accompanied Callista to Rome in 2005, when the choir was invited to sing at St. Peter’s Basilica. While there, I had the opportunity to talk at length with Msgr. Walter Rossi, rector of the basilica in D.C., about faith, history and many of the cultural challenges, including secularism, facing our country. Our conversations were enlightening and intriguing. During that trip, I experienced my first visit to St. Peter’s Basilica, and I recall marveling at being in the presence of the historic truth of the Church that day. At the same time, I was being influenced by several books I was reading, including George Weigel’s The Cube and the Cathedral, about the crisis of secularism in Europe, and his book The Final Revolution, about the role of Christianity in freeing Eastern Europe from an atheistic dictatorship. I was also moved by Pope Benedict’s reflection in his book Jesus of Nazareth that, “God is the issue: Is he real, reality itself, or isn’t he? Is he good, or do we have to invent the good ourselves?”

Throughout our travels, whether Callista and I were in Costa Rica or Africa, she was adamant about finding a local Mass on Sunday. Listening to “Amazing Grace” being sung in Chinese at Mass in Beijing was a beautiful experience, and worshipping with believers across the world opened my eyes to the diversity and richness of the Catholic Church.

Over the course of a decade, the depth of faith and history contained in the life of the Catholic Church were increasingly apparent to me, and the centrality of the Eucharist in the Catholic Mass became more and more clear.

Pope Benedict XVI’s visit to the United States in April of 2008 was a turning point for me. The Holy Father presided over solemn vespers with the U.S. bishops in the Crypt Church at the basilica in Washington. Callista’s choir was asked to sing for Pope Benedict at vespers, and as a spouse, I had the unique opportunity to attend the papal visit and was deeply moved by the occasion.

Catching a glimpse of Pope Benedict that day, I was struck by the happiness and peacefulness he exuded. The joyful and radiating presence of the Holy Father was a moment of confirmation about the many things I had been thinking and experiencing for several years.

That evening I told Msgr. Rossi I wanted to be received into the Catholic Church, and he agreed to join Callista as my sponsor. Under his tutelage, I studied the Catechism of the Church over the next year and was received into the Church in March of 2009 in a beautiful Mass at St. Joseph’s on Capitol Hill.

After a decade-long — perhaps lifelong — faith journey, I was finally home.

via Why I Became Catholic | Hispanic Blog Network.

Obama’s Budget: More Waste, Fraud, and Self-Abuse – HUMAN EVENTS | Ann Coulter


In a priceless formulation in his budget speech two weeks ago, Obama said that Americans look at the poor and say, “There but for the grace of God go I.” And so, in the president’s words, “we contribute to programs like Medicare and Social Security.”

Except we don’t “contribute.” We are compelled under threat of imprisonment to take out a joint checking account with the government. Ask Wesley Snipes what happens when you fail to “contribute” sufficient alms to Uncle Sam. It’s easy to find him: He’s sitting in the McKean Federal Correctional Institution in Pennsylvania.

The downside of Obama’s exponentially expanding government — to the detriment of the private sector — is that it is now impossible for young people to find work.

But there’s also good news! Now there are plenty of government social workers to counsel the unemployed through their depression over not being able to find a job and to process their unemployment checks.

The unholy alliance between unionized government workers and elected Democrats has led to an explosion in taxpayer-funded government employees, who, incidentally, can never be fired.

In the 1980 award-winning PBS series “Free to Choose,” Nobel Prize-winning economist Milton Friedman described the steps required to fire a civil servant:

“In January 1975, a typist in the Environmental Protection Agency was so consistently late for work that her supervisors demanded she be fired. It took 19 months to do it, and this incredible 21-foot-long chart lists the steps that had to be gone through to satisfy all the rules and all the management and union agreements.

“The process involved the girl’s supervisor, his deputy director, his director, his director of personnel operations, the agency’s branch chief, an employee relations specialist, a second employee relations specialist, a special office of investigations and the director of the office of investigations. This veritable telephone directory, need I add, was paid with taxpayers’ money. Who could invent a better protected job than this one — before it came to its end?”

Thirty years later, a civil servant whose poor job performance consisted of only being chronically late would qualify as “Civil Servant of the Year.”

Taking only one performance problem in a single government office — surfing Internet pornography at the Securities and Exchange Commission: In 2010, 31 employees were found to have spent their workdays downloading Internet porn in the 2 1/2 years during and preceding the financial crash that led to the greatest depression in nearly a century. One of their favorite online porn sites was “Fannie Mae Hill,” while those who prefer big girls were at “Too Big to Fail.”

If only Bernie Madoff had posted naked videos of himself on the Internet, the SEC might have noticed him. Seventeen of the porn-surfers were being paid government salaries of $99,356 to $222,418.

One senior lawyer at SEC headquarters in Washington, D.C., admitted to spending eight hours a day looking at Internet pornography. Sometimes he even worked through his lunch hour. He had downloaded so much pornography that his computer was full — at which point he began burning the pornography onto CDs and DVDs, which he stored in boxes in his office.

In another classic example of the left hand not wanting to know what the right hand was doing, an employee with the SEC’s Division of Corporation Finance admitted watching up to five hours a day of pornography in his office. His favorite pornographic websites were bookmarked on his government computer, and he had both downloaded and uploaded pornographic videos to the numerous websites he had joined.

Even after admitting to surfing porn all day on the taxpayers’ dime, not one of the lonely SEC employees was fired, nor were their names released by the government, even in response to a Freedom of Information Act request. (Although most of them were referred for membership in D.C. sex clubs.)

These are the true beneficiaries of big government — or our “commitments,” as Obama calls them — not the poor, the elderly, the disadvantaged, and those about whom we say “There but for the grace of God, go I.”

Democrats don’t resent “the rich” on behalf of the poor. They resent the rich on behalf of the government.

via Obama’s Budget: More Waste, Fraud, and Self-Abuse – HUMAN EVENTS.